Mobile rock crushing plants must be designed for ease of access and maintainability if they are to meet their production goals. Keeping mobile rock crusher maintenance requirements to a minimum helps achieve higher overall operating availability.
Scheduled preventive maintenance at mobile rock crushing plants involves a number of elements, including:
• Crusher wear parts • Screen decks
• Feeder wear parts • Conveyor skirting and adjustment
• Oil and lubrication • Conveyor belt repair
• Visual inspections • Electrical and instrumentation adjustments.
Provisions must be made for overhead cranes to remove and replace mobile rock crusher wear parts. Supports must be provided for gyratory and conveyor main shafts and laydown space for the rock crusher bowls is essential. Some operators carry a complete spare screen and change out for major screen maintenance. Trolleys, jib cranes and pull points should be designed to facilitate mobile rock crushing equipment maintenance. Oil and lubrication systems should be centralized and designed for easy automatic changes, with provisions for well-ventilated centralized lubrication rooms where possible. (e.g., a
line of fine cone crushers should have a central oil receiving area, with piping to and from eachcrusher lube package for quick and easy oil changes.)
Conveyor head chutes should be designed for easy access (not just through an inspection door, but through a man door in the chute). Conveyor belt change areas should be provided. Maintenance personnel should have easy visual and rapid access to screen decks for panel replacement.
Designers should work with the screen manufacturers to ensure that covers provide good access for working on screens. Screening facilities must meet rigid dust emission requirements, but many off-the-shelf screen dust covers have not kept pace with these requirements. It may be necessary to custom-design covers that minimize emissions and provide easy access to the screen.