There are large variations in the types of stone crusher setup across the country depending on geographical locations, type of demand for crushed products, closeness to urban areas, type of raw material, availability of plant and machinery locally etc. Primarily the stone crusher industry sector could be divided in three categories small, medium & large. The typical characteristics of each category of stone crushers are briefly discussed below.
Small Size Stone Crushers
There are different types of small stone crushers in various states with a production capacity ranging from 3 to 25 TPH. Typically, the units having only one Jaw type crusher used as primary or secondary crusher along with one or maximum 2 screens are grouped as small stone crushers.
Medium Size Stone Crushers
Typically those crushers having than one crusher i.e., one primary and one secondary or one/two primary & two secondary crushers along with one or more vibratory screens are categorized as medium size crushers. The mined stones are transported mostly by trucks/dumpers and unloaded in to elevated stone wells. The stones are fed by gravity to primary crushers. The Crushed stones are conveyed to vibratory screens. The screened products of various sizes are conveyed to stock piles by belt conveyors. The oversize is returned to secondary crushers for further crushing and back to the vibratory screen. Such type of medium type crushers have a production capacity in the range of 25 – 100 TPH.
Large Stone Crushers
Those crushers typically having two or more numbers each of primary, secondary & tertiary type crushers with at least 2 or more vibratory screens with mechanized loading, unloading conveying operation s and producing more than 100 TPH crushed stones are categorized as large crushers. Typically large stone crusher are owned by bigger construction companies like L&T, Dodsal Construction, etc who have their own large construction projects demand. Such crushers have a capacity range of 100 –200 TPH. These type of crusher generally have their own/leased open-cast stone mines and a fleet of mechanical mining equipment , trucks and dumpers, loaders etc. These crushers involve high capital investment and mostly operate round the clock. All conveying operations are done through proper belt conveyors.